Anti-Jewish legislation under German fascism began in 1933 excluding them as civil servants or as employees of the government. Under those laws, doctors, notaries, accountants, actors, civilian workers with the army, & others had restrictions imposed, including the loss of licenses. Access to public education & universities was cut to 1.5% & Jewish dietary practices were denied.

In 1935, the Nazi Party leadership announced the Nuremberg Laws enacted by the Reichstag which excluded German Jews from citizenship & prohibited them from marrying or having sexual relations with persons of “German or German-related blood.” Among the many other laws making Jews personae non gratae to German fascism, the names of Jewish soldiers killed in World War I could not be placed on war memorials.

It got worse from there over the next few years under ‘Aryanization’ where they were more forcibly segregated from other Germans & excluded from public schools & universities, cinemas, theaters, & sports facilities. By 1939, they were forced to carry identity cards indicating they were Jews & their passports were stamped with ‘J’ to identify them as Jews.

German Nazism is the political model India, Israel, Burma are all using in their implementation of citizenship laws. It may seem the easiest way to ethnically cleanse the population & when that fails, they have all resorted to outright genocide involving crimes of unimaginable savagery. China has another model which involves concentration camps & forcible conversion of Uyghur to bots of the Chinese Communist system.

Not only have these genocides not spared the children, but they have targeted them. This is 14-year-old Czeslawa Kwoka, a Polish Catholic girl in her Auschwitz identity photo (it is not clear why her & her mother were picked up; they may have had Jewish ancestry). Within three months, both her & her mother were executed. She didn’t understand what was happening when this mug shot was taken & in her terror began to cry. The woman concentration camp guard beat her on the face with a stick.

(Photo by Wilhelm Brasse, photographer at Auschwitz)