One of the most wrenching things in the films “For Sama” & “The Cave” about underground hospitals in Syria sustaining constant bombing raids was seeing how traumatizing it was when the bombs exploded for adults but especially for the children. All of them will have PTSD symptomology for the rest of their lives.

One doesn’t know whether to laugh or cry that this young father named Abdullah from Idlib taught his four-year-old daughter Selva to laugh when they heard a warplane in order to protect her from the trauma of bombing. It’s a survival strategy likely to have profound, possibly deleterious affects on little Selva in her older years–God willing that she survives the carnage.